Gold trading dates as far back as the Roman Empire when it was used as a form of money. Nowadays, traders can buy and sell gold at the click of a button with just an internet connection and a laptop. And, with the volume of gold being bought by central banks at its highest level than nearly a half a century ago, now could be one of the best times to learn how to start online gold trading.
In this article, we will explain how to trade gold, the key factors that influence the gold trading price, how to start online gold trading with Admiral Markets UK Ltd and how to use a unique gold trading strategy straight away!
The history of gold trading
Gold has always been respected throughout the world for its value and rich history. Compared to paper currency, coins, or other types of assets, gold has preserved its value throughout the years, and people use it as a way to pass their wealth from one generation to the next.
While the metal is used in commercial and industrial activities, such as in jewellery and mobile phones, it is also heavily speculated on by traders, hedge funds and even central banks and is widely traded on in times of economic uncertainty. In fact, during these times, the gold trading price tends to increase as investors flock to the metal as a safe-haven asset – one that is used for electricity and heat but that can also be melted into a form of currency.
Gold’s status as a safe-haven asset class dates back to the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement. As the US Federal Reserve was required to hold gold that was equal to 40% of the value of the US dollar, the bank accumulated nearly 75% of the world’s gold. For this reason, the majority of developed countries agreed to fix their currencies against the US dollar which is why the dollar is the world’s global currency.
According to the World Gold Council, in 2019 the United States still has the world’s highest official amount of gold at 8,133.5 tonnes, followed by Germany, Italy, France, Russia, China, Switzerland, Japan, Netherlands and India. The World Gold Council also reports that in 2019 the majority of central banks have been raising their gold reserves at a record pace, helping to lift gold prices which can be seen in the long-term gold trading price chart below:
Source: Admiral Markets MetaTrader 5, Gold, Monthly – Data range: from Jan 1, 1992, to Aug 25, 2019, accessed on Aug 25, 2019, at 4:47 pm BST. – Please note: Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results.
How to start online gold trading
If you want to learn how to trade gold, or how to invest in gold, the first step is to make sure you have the right trading tools and products to do so:
1. How to trade gold? Use the right broker!
For most people, buying gold bars or gold bullion coins and storing them under the bed is just not practical or safe. However, there are other ways you can benefit from movement in the gold trading price. One way is through using a product called CFDs, or Contracts for Difference.
CFDs allow traders to speculate on the gold trading price and potentially profit from rising or falling prices. By trading CFDs, the trader never owns any physical gold which means there are no issues in storage or security. With Admiral Markets, users can speculate on the price of gold with a broker that offers the highest regulation, security and safety as possible, as well as have the ability to:
- Trade and invest with a broker regulated by the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission, and Estonian Financial Supervisory Authority and Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Open multiple types of accounts such as a CFD (Contract for Difference) trading account to go long and short to potentially profit from rising and falling markets, as well as access leverage of up to 1:500 for Professional clients and up to 1:30 for Retail clients. This means you can control a large position with a small deposit.
- Access the fastest and most secure gold trading platform in the world, MetaTrader, for Web, Windows, Mac, iOS and Android operating systems so you can trade on the go.
- Trade on multiple asset classes such as gold, indices, commodities, currencies, global shares and cryptocurrencies.
To start gold trading today, simply click on the banner below and you can start trading on gold CFDs with zero commission and access all the features listed above!
2. When to trade gold? Know gold trading hours!
When choosing the best gold trading hours, traders are trying to find the times where the gold trading price is more likely to move in a directional manner. This largely depends on the demand for gold at a specific point in time. We will explore the factors that affect the demand for gold further down the article.
However, you may be interested to know that with Admiral Markets you can trade gold nearly 24 hours a day, between 01:00 – 23:59 (Eastern European Time) Monday to Friday. Typically, the gold trading hours that offer the most movement can be found in the US trading session, which is between 16:30 – 23:00 (Eastern European Time) Monday to Friday.
This is because this is when the US stock market opens, which opens up the trading activity on other gold trading products such as gold options trading and trading gold futures, which are both discussed further down the article. This increased activity can be confirmed by looking at the Average True Range (ATR) indicator of the intraday gold trading price. The ATR indicates averages the high and low range of a specific time period like a 1-hour chart, over a user-defined number of hours. For example, the chart below shows the 1-hour chart of the gold trading price with an ATR (8) – effectively measuring the average range of the last eight hourly time periods:
Source: Admiral Markets MetaTrader 5, Gold, H1 – Data range: from Jul 30, 2019, to Aug 25, 2019, accessed on Aug 25, 2019, at 5:47 pm BST. – Please note: Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results.
In the gold trading price chart above, the vertical lines represent one full trading day. You may notice the ATR (8) indicator tends to move higher towards the middle or latter part of the day which represents the US trading session. This level of analysis primarily helps those day trading gold. Ultimately, the gold trading hours you choose will depend on what type of gold trading strategy you will be using.
3. Use a gold trading strategy
A gold trading strategy helps traders to analyse the gold trading price for any clues on where the market could move next. As there are so many ways to analyse a market, having a list of rules is essential in being disciplined consistently over a period of time. Some of the many ways to analyse the gold trading price include:
- Fundamental Analysis. This is the study of economic data and sentiment regarding the gold market. For example, in times of economic uncertainty gold prices tend to rise due to its status as a safe-haven asset. Advanced traders will attempt to analyse changing world economics to try and position themselves early on in a potential move higher in the gold trading price.
- Technical Analysis. This is the study of price to identify possible entry and exit levels. The study of price generally comes down to using chart patterns, price action and technical trading indicators. This will be demonstrated in more detail in the gold trading strategy section further down the article.
As we move on to explore the factors that affect the gold trading price and how to trade it with Admiral Markets using a simple gold trading strategy, it may be useful to open your Admiral Markets trading platform to follow through on the gold trading examples.
If you haven’t yet downloaded your trading platform you can download MetaTrader 5 completely FREE by clicking on the banner below. You’ll also get access to a host of other benefits such as the ability to trade on other commodity markets, currencies, indices or shares, as well as access a wide variety of free technical trading indicators. Click the banner below to get started today!
What affects the gold trading price?
There are many factors which influence the gold trading price and many of these can change over time. However, some of the major influences include:
- Geopolitical Uncertainty. During times of global economic unrest gold tends to perform well as investors buy into gold’s safe-haven status. For example, in mid-2019 gold prices trended higher due to escalations in the US-China trade war.
- Interest Rates. Many traders and investors use the financial markets in search for a ‘monetary return’ on their capital. In times of rising interest rates, the attraction of gold becomes much less as investors can get a better return in other asset classes that benefit from rising interest rates, such as currencies or bonds.
- Global Economic Data. As gold is perceived as a safe-haven asset, any significant changes in global economic data can have an affect on the demand for gold. For example, if the global economy isn’t growing then investors will fear a slowdown could be around the corner and may choose to exit higher risk investments such as equities in favour for safe-haven assets like gold.
- The US dollar. Currency movements in the US dollar can have a big impact on the gold trading price. This is because gold is denominated in US dollars. Therefore, a falling US dollar can push gold prices higher and a rising US dollar can push gold prices lower.
All of these influences are a form of fundamental analysis which can be difficult to analyse. Many traders choose to wait for the fundamental picture to unfold as this will be evident on the gold trading price chart through rising or falling prices. Using a combination of these forms of analysis can be powerful but also depends on the individual trader’s style: long-term or short-term.
Choosing a style can be important as it can dictate how you invest in gold and trade it. While we have briefly mentioned using gold CFDs, there are other ways to invest in gold as we explore in the next section.
How to invest in gold
There are a variety of ways to invest in gold, as well as to trade it. Here are a few:
1. Invest in gold bullion or coins
This involves buying actual gold such as gold bars, gold coins or even jewellery. Traders would need to find other individuals willing to sell them their physical gold, have the money available to purchase the full value of it, store it somewhere safely and insure it.
2. Try trading gold futures
A futures contract is an agreement by one party to buy, or take delivery of a commodity like gold. In fact, the first futures contract was written in 1851 for the commodity corn and was offered through the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) exchange.
Nowadays, trading gold futures contracts can be done through the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. However, futures contracts expire at certain dates which can be difficult if a trader wants to hold a long-term position. Trading gold futures contracts also requires a large sum of capital as the contract sizes tend to be quite large.
For example, gold trades in a size of 100 ounces per contract with every one point move the equivalent of $100. This means just buying one gold futures contracts (the lowest you can on the exchange) means a ten dollar move is equivalent to a $1,000 loss.
3. Try gold options trading
When purchasing a gold options trading contract, it grants the buyer the right but not the obligation to buy or sell the underlying asset at a set price before or on a certain date in the future.
However, gold options trading contracts expire and their value changes depending on the volatility of the asset price and how close it is to expiring. In essence, the value of gold options trading contracts declines over time due ‘time decay’.
When trying gold options trading, users must have a minimum of $2,000 in their account, with a minimum $25,000 if day trading options, which is quite large for many traders.
4. Try gold trading via CFDs
As stated before CFDs, or Contracts for Difference, is another way to invest in gold. With CFDs traders have the ability to:
- Leverage. Traders can use margin trading to control a large position with a small deposit.
- Trade in any direction: Go long or short, potentially profiting from rising and falling markets.
- Hold trades as long as you want: With CFDs you can trade in and out of markets within seconds, or you can choose to hold positions for days, weeks, or months.